Tryaksh International Journal of Multidisciplinary

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Volume-1 Issue-1,


Sakina Shahlee & Rosniah Mustaffa

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

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Citation: Sakina Shahlee & Rosniah Mustaffa “NEOLOGISMS IN SOCIAL NETWORKING AMONG YOUTHS".
Tryaksh International Journal of Multidisciplinary (TIJM), Volume 1, Issue 1, 2019, pp. 1-9.


Neologism refers to a newly formed word that accommodates the usage of a language at a particular time. Some of the newly formed words are not established. However, due to their significant use, they are widely accepted in social networking. Social networking has greatly impacted everyone especially the youths. The limitations set by certain social networking platforms escalate the formation of neologisms. This paper aims to examine the neologisms used by youth on social networking platforms in terms of morphological process and word class. Data were collected from a group of students majoring in English at one of the local university in Malaysia. 90 neologisms were identified and captured through several social networking platforms. Findings revealed that youth tends to create new words by using acronym process. Moreover, most of the neologisms formed are verbs. This study enlightens on the use of neologisms among youth on social networking platforms. Besides, it contributes to the chronological history of the English language.

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Keywords: Neologism, morphological process, social networking, English language.

With the emerging social networks and technology, communication between people regardless of the geographical distance becomes easier and smoother. Communication utilises vocabularies, and some of the new vocabularies, words or terms used are not even officially established and recorded in the dictionary. The newly formed words are based on different processes and the processes are termed as morphological processes. Neologisms are significantly different from the existing English vocabularies structurally. According to Murray (1995), many morphological processes were adapted to create neologisms especially for English conversations such as abbreviations, acronyms, compounding, derivation and loan words. Users‟ creativity to communicate faster and more interestingly has accelerated the transformation language rhythm and words. Limitation in the number of characters allowed by social networking platforms such as Instagram, Twitter, Facebook and WhatsApp escalates the phenomenon.

2.1 Neologism
The term neologism is a combination of two distinct words, a French word, neo meaningnew and a Greek word logos meaningword.Thus, neologism as the combination of both terms refers to a new word with a new meaning. It is a new word or phrase formulated recently by a person, publication, period or event and it emerges to be used by most people (Peterson & Ray, 2013). Moreover, the new word has no academic reference in terms of its definition. 
Neologisms are fabricated in many ways (Peterson & Ray, 2013). Neologisms have different word structures and various processes are implemented to form the word structurally. The processes are termed as morphological processes. Some neologisms are formulated based on entirely new lexical items and some are altered according to the existing established words. The invention of new words is mostly to attend to something (may it be a noun, verb, adjective or else) that cannot be referred to using the existing words. However, the role of neologism may have changed as to cater to the needs of the new generation in today‟s globalised era especially when technology is capable to connect people around the World easily. Social networks have been the best media for the people to interact and younger generations are most prone to use these media. Therefore, younger generations mostly constitute to the development of neologisms recently.
2.2Morphological process
Morphology is a study of word structure in linguistic field. It is a process to study the word-formation across or within a
language. While words are accepted as the smallest units of syntax, most languages relate a word to another based on certain rules. The rules comprehended by the speaker in each case reflect specific patterns in the way words are formed from smaller units and how those smaller units interact in speech or in written form. A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit of language and therefore the smallest unit of grammatical function. Morpheme may stand on its own or sometimes it needs to combine with at least one other morpheme to form a word (Devlin, Jamison, Matthews, &Gonnerman, 2004). Hence, morphology is the most initial process in creating neologisms which is important in any language.

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